Images of alchemical apparatus from Syria
Illustrations of chemical apparatus from a medieval Syrian manuscript studied by the French chemist M. Berthelot. These sketchy drawings are easily recognisable as similar to European alchemical equipment.
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Alembic with receiving flask.

Digestion apparatus with an
upper flask inverted upon a lower.

Long necked digestion flask set in a
cylindrical furnace probably filled with hot ashes.

Digestion apparatus with condensing flask
above, probably for fractional distillation

Apparatus for sublimation
set on a rectangular furnace.

Kerotakis, in which a substance is
heated on a plate within the vessel.

Simple retort.